english pronunciation tips. Speak More Clearly

Eng­lish Pro­nun­ci­a­tion Tips. Pro­nounce ‘ed’ cor­rect­ly and more!

Eng­lish Pro­nun­ci­a­tion Tips. Pro­nounce ‘ed' Cor­rect­ly And More!

Eng­lish pro­nun­ci­a­tion can be tricky at times so I thought I would clear up some con­fu­sion with a few pro­nun­ci­a­tion tips this week.

Eng­lish Pro­nun­ci­a­tion Tip 1- When does /c/ say /s/?

Now this one is a nice one because it doesn't have any excep­tions for a change! So when does /c/ say the /s/ sound?

When /c/ is fol­lowed by an e, i, or y it says /s/.  It doesn't mat­ter what posi­tion the /c/ takes in a word, this still hap­pens.   Some exam­ples of this are:-  chance, cent, cycle, receipt, facet, cyst, cin­e­ma, rac­ing, cyn­i­cal, accent, con­cep­tu­al.

Eng­lish Pro­nun­ci­a­tion Tip 2- When does /g/ say /dʒ/?

This one isn't ‘so nice'  because there are some excep­tions, but most of the time it plays fair! We can always blame the fact that Eng­land was invad­ed so many times for the excep­tions. So when does /g/ say /dʒ/ or ‘j'?

When /g/ is fol­lowed by an e, i, or y it says /dʒ/, most of the time. Some exam­ples of this are:- edge, gin­ger, page, giant, gym (gym­na­si­um), gen­tle, gen­er­al, cog­i­tate, archae­ol­o­gy, gyrate, ety­mol­o­gy.

Two of the most com­mon excep­tions are – girl and get.

Eng­lish Pro­nun­ci­a­tion Tip 3 – When does ‘es' say ‘əz' ?

First­ly, the schwa sound /ə/ is pro­nounced like a very quick­ly, pro­nounced short /u/ sound.

The ‘es' at the end of of a word is pro­nounced  ‘əz' when ‘es' comes after the fol­low­ing let­ters or sounds:-  s, z, ch, sh, j, and si (this is pro­nounced /zh/ as in vision).

Some exam­ples of this are:- pass­es, beach­es, faces ( the /c/ says the /s/ sound – see tip 1), noses, wash­es, pack­ages ( the /g/ says ‘j' in this word – see tip num­ber 2), mazes, entourages ( the /g/ can be said as a  dʒ or zh here),  ranges, ros­es.

Eng­lish Pro­nun­ci­a­tion Tip 4- How do I pro­nounce ‘ed' at the end of verbs?

Ok so here's the rule:-

First­ly, you need to know that ‘ed' most com­mon­ly says /əd /. In some parts of the U.S. it can say  /əd/ or /Id/.  The next most com­mon thing ‘ed' says is /d/, and it says /t/ the least.

-When ‘ed' says /əd/ at the end of a verb-  when a verb ends in a /t/ or /d/ sound the ‘ed' says /əd/.   Some exam­ples are :- want­ed, rat­ed, need­ed, cod­ed, war­rant­ed, fea­tured, parad­ed.

-When ‘ed' says /d/at the end of a verb-  when a verb ends in a vow­el or voiced con­so­nant, the ‘ed' is pro­nounced as /d/.    Some exam­ples are:- snowed, moved, bobbed, played, wagged, amazed, blamed, fanned, pulled, paired, plugged, sued.

-When ‘ed' says /t/ at the end of a verb-  when a verb ends in an unvoiced con­so­nant, the ‘ed' is pro­nounced as /t/.   Some exam­ples are:- hopped, packed, puffed, dressed, laughed.

Of course  just to remind you- you need to prac­tise this in your every­day life sit­u­a­tions so it becomes auto­mat­ic.

Best wish­es,  

Esther

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